Rajasthan is known worldwide for its vibrant and colourful culture, An impressive historical background, colossal forts and monuments, breathtaking cenotaphs, amazing desert lifestyle and cuisine. Rajasthan palaces have become one of the most sought after destinations to have luxury weddings and are often thronged with all kinds of tourists all the year around. Here are few facts about this wonderful place which you did not know about. The Indian state of Rajasthan is one of the most colourful places in the country, where one cannot help dreaming about Scheherazade and magic carpets. With desert spread across kilometers and bumpy camel rides, it is one of the most preferred tourist destinations in the world. But, there is more to this golden land than these interesting tourist spots. The state is famous for its Forts, its lifestyle and the rich cultural heritage passed on to generations.
1. An Inhabited Fort : A world heritage site, Jaisalmer fort is known for its history and majestic architecture. But, what’s more, intriguing to know is that this fort is still home to a large mass of the population and is probably the only inhabited fort in the world.
2. The Bullet Temple : The Bullet temple in Pali district of Rajasthan has a bullet bike in the form of deity. Owner of this bike, Om Banna died in an accident and despite repeated attempts, the police could not take away the bike from the accident spot. Villagers considered this incident as a miracle and converted the same spot in a temple.
3. The Wall Of Kumbhalgarh : Everyone knows that the largest wall in the world is the Great Wall of China. But how many of you know which is the second largest. 36 km long wall of the Kumbhalgarh Fort in Udaipur is the second largest continuous wall in the world.
4. First Planned City : The First city based on the scientific principles of architecture was the city of Jaipur. Sawai Jai Singh II assigned the task of devising the blue-print of this town to noted architect Purohit Vidhyadhar Bhattacharya, who succeeded in creating one of the most beautiful and structured cities in India.
5. Colourful Cities : Almost every city in Rajasthan is color coordinated. Jaipur is pink, Udaipur is white, Jodhpur is blue and Jhalawar is purple!
6. Thar Desert : The Thar Desert, also known as the Great Indian Desert, is a large, arid region in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that forms a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. It is the world’s 17th largest desert, and the world’s 9th largest subtropical desert. About 85% of the Thar Desert is in India, and the remaining part in Pakistan. In India, it covers about 320,000 km2 (120,000 sq mi), of which 60% is in Rajasthan and extends into Gujarat, Punjab, and Haryana. This desert comprises a very dry part, the Marusthali region in the west, and a semidesert region in the east with fewer sand dunes and slightly more precipitation. The Thar Desert extends between the Aravalli Hills in the north-east, the Great Rann of Kutch along the coast and the alluvial plains of the Indus River in the west and north-west. Most of the desert is covered by huge shifting sand dunes that receive sediments from the alluvial plains and the coast. The sand is highly mobile due to strong winds occurring before the onset of the monsoon. The Luni River is the only river integrated into the desert. Rainfall is limited to 100–500 mm (3.9–19.7 in) per year, mostly falling from July to September. Salt water lakes in the Thar Desert include the Sambhar, Kuchaman, Didwana in Rajasthan.
7. Mount Abu : Mount Abu situated at a average height of 1,219 mtr’s above sea level is the oasis in the deserted land of Rajasthan and posses the honor of being the only hill-station in Rajasthan as well as north-west India, The world famous tourist destination is known for its Delwara Jain temples and natural beauty world over, situated amidst lush green forested hills on the highest peak in the Aravali range is also the summer capital for the Indian state of Rajasthan, home to lakes, waterfalls and green forests, the hill retreat, has a very cool and soothing climate thanks to its rich flora covering the entire hillside that includes coniferous trees and flowering shrubs. Mount Abu with its word-class tourist facilities with hotels ranging from budget class to three star. Mount Abu is home to 33 crore Gods and Goddess. According to the legend the name Abu means son of Himalayas (or Ar-Booda, “the hill of wisdom”), deriving its name from Arbuada – the powerful serpent, which rescued Nandi the sacred bull of Lord Shiva. Mount Abu has been home, to many rishis and munis (sages and saints), including the famous Rishi Vashishtha, who is believed to have created four Agnikul Rajput clans, from a fire- pit, by performing a yagna or fire sacrifice, to protect the earth from the demons. In historic times, Mount Abu was leased by the The East-India Company (British empire) from the Maharajah of Sirohi, Mount Abu was used as the headquarters for the resident of Rajputana until 1947, and as a sanatorium for troops.
8. Pushkar Camel Fair : Pushkar town in Rajasthan is host to one of the biggest fairs in the country. The Pushkar Mela is an annual five-day livestock fair. Pushkar Camel Fair is something that you should see in Rajasthan. Taking place during the months of October and November, you are likely to imbue yourself in the true colours of Rajasthan. Camel Race, Camel Decoration competition and the completion for longest mustache are the major attractions of Pushkar Camel Fair.
9. Chittorgarh Fort : Chittor Durg is one of the largest forts in Asia. It is a World Heritage Site. The fort, popularly known as Chittor, was the capital of Mewar and is today situated in Chittorgarh. It was initially ruled by Guhilot and later by Sisodias, the Suryavanshi clans of Chattari Rajputs, from the 7th century, until it was finally abandoned in 1568 after the siege by Emperor Akbar in 1567. It sprawls majestically over a hill 180 m (590.6 ft) in height spread over an area of 280 ha (691.9 acres) above the plains of the valley drained by the Berach River. The fort precinct with an evocative history is studded with a series of historical palaces, gates, temples and two prominent commemoration towers. These monumental ruins have inspired the imagination of tourists and writers for centuries. The fort was sacked three times between the 15th and 16th centuries; in 1303 Allauddin Khilji defeated Rana Ratan Singh, in 1535 Bahadur Shah, the Sultan of Gujarat defeated Bikramjeet Singh and in 1567 Emperor Akbar defeated Maharana Udai Singh II who left the fort and founded Udaipur. Each time the men fought bravely rushing out of the fort walls charging the enemy but lost every time.
10. The Umaid Bhawan Palace : The magnificent Umaid Bhawan Palace in Jodhpur is one of the world’s largest private residences is a golden hued desert sandstone monument set amidst acres of verdant gardens. An imitable tribute to art deco, the Palace has in its luxurious fold 64 rooms and suites. Stroll through the private museum, test your skills on the marbled squash courts or enjoy a game of billiards in the panelled recreation room. Take an exhilarating drive through the enchanting city of Jodhpur in a vintage car, accompanied by your royal butler. Stop beneath the starry night sky for a divine grilled feast accompanied by the music of the desert. Experience the art of India’s ancient healing wisdom in the romantic new setting of the Taj Spa.
11. Indian Ghost Town of Bhangarh : The Indian Ghost Town of Bhangarh, Rajasthan is one of the scariest places in India to visit, in addition to being one of the most abandoned places in India. However, this tag has not perturbed visitors from making frequent trips to this ghost town. Located near a famous forest in the area, this town is now slowly luring visitors from around the area, and country, to visit it. However, it should be noted that if you decide to visit the town after sunset, you will be not be allowed. In fact, there is a strict warning that it is out of bounds after the sun sets. The story which this town is well-known for tells the tale of how a magician who was in love with the local princess of the area was forbidden to ever fall in love with her. Unhappy with the decision, he decided to cast a spell on her to make her surrender to him. However, the princess, who was also a disciple of the occult learned of his plans and found a way to kill him. Even before his death, the magician cast a dark spell on the palace which caused its doom. Despite the story surrounding the ruins, it still is a fascinating place to visit. In fact, it has also been officially promoted as a tourist destination. However, once night falls, the place becomes deserted, leaving the darkness to engulf it once again till morning comes.
12. The Brij Raj Bhavan Palace : The Brij Raj Bhavan Palace in Kota, Rajasthan should also be on your itinerary as one of the most ghostly places in India. This old palace which has now been converted into something of a heritage hotel is apparently haunted by a British ghost who was killed during the Revolt of 1857. There are some who also add that a Major Burton (the ghost) along with his sons was shot right inside the palace and therefore, he haunts the place. In fact, in this palace, considered by many as one of the most mysterious places in India, the ghost of the Major does not really harm anyone, but during the night, there have been reports of guards getting slapped in the face. Therefore, visit the palace at your own risk.
13. Karni Mata Temple : Karni Mata was a female Hindu sage born in the Charan caste. She is worshiped as the incarnation of the goddess Durga by her followers. She is an official deity of the royal family of Jodhpur and Bikaner. She lived an ascetic life and was widely revered during her own lifetime. At the request of the Maharaja of Bikaner, she laid the foundation stones for two important forts in the region. The most famous of her temples is in the small town of Deshnoke, near Bikaner in Rajasthan, and was created following her mysterious disappearance from her home. The temple is famous for its white rats, It is also known as the Temple of Rats. which are treated as sacred and given protection in the temple. Contrary to some reports, the temple is not affiliated with Jainism. Another temple dedicated to her during her lifetime differs from others in that it does not contain an image or idol of her, but rather contains a foot-print to symbolize her visit to that place. Karni mata is also referred to as Nari Bai.
14. Jaisalmer : It is the largest district of Rajasthan and third largest in the country in area with the least population in Rajasthan. Jaisalmer District lies in the Thar Desert, which straddles the border of India and Pakistan. It is bounded on the northeast by Bikaner District, on the east by Jodhpur District, on the south by Barmer District, and on the west and north by Pakistan. Jaisalmer district have three sub-divisions: Jaisalmer, Pokaran and Fatehgarh. Jaisalmer and Pokaran are the Nagar Palikas, while 744 villages comes under 128 Gram Panchayats. The developmental activities of the district are being looked after by three Panchayat Samities, i.e. Jaisalmer, Sam and Sankra. Jhinjhinyali is gram panchayat in sam samity. Jhinjhinyali 100 km away from Jaisalmer is main controlling village or ruling village of Jaisalmer.
15. Royal Rajasthan on Wheels : India is the home to some of the most luxurious and costliest trains in the world and most of them originates in Rajasthan. Might sound unbelievable, but true! ‘Palace on Wheels’ or POW, introduced in 1982 as the official rides of the Rajputs, Nizams and the British viceroys, is at present one of the lavish and imperial trains in the world. Rajasthan is the magnificent land of numerous kingdoms, majestic forts and palaces, diverse cultures, varied landscapes and vibrant colours. Experience the land of regal splendour with Royal Rajasthan on Wheels, the contemporary royal living. The Royal Rajasthan on Wheels is the regal delight where every moment is woven together into an everlasting and immemorial experience to be lived and cherished forever. The makers of the Palace on Wheels have rekindled the charm of luxury with utmost consideration of your comfort and modern amenities at the Royal Rajasthan on Wheels. This tour is extensively planned to take you through the whispering sands of desert, the intriguing sagas of forts and palaces, and the adventurous escapades to the wilds; while you witness the luxuries on the train in a truly royal fashion. This train is newly built and designed in a contemporary royal style. You will be delighted with the magnificent interiors, sumptuous meals, expensive wines, and personalised service by the Khidmatgars, the likes of which you would rarely experience.
16. Rambagh Palace : The Rambagh Palace in Jaipur, Sep 2009 it was rated as the best hotel in the world by Conde Nast Traveller magazine. Rajasthan is the former residence of the Maharaja of Jaipur and now a hotel, located 5 miles (8.0 km) outside the walls of the city of Jaipur on Bhawani Singh Road. The first building on the site was a garden house built in 1835 for the wet nurse of prince Ram Singh II. In 1887, during the reign of Maharaja Sawai Madho Singh, it was converted into a modest royal hunting lodge, as the house was located in the midst of a thick forest at that time. In the early 20th century, it was expanded into a palace to the designs of Sir Samuel Swinton Jacob. Maharajah Sawai Man Singh II made Rambagh his principal residence and added a number of royal suites in 1931. After India became independent and the princely states united, the Palace became the Government House. By the 1950s, the royal family felt that the upkeep of the palace and its 47 acres (190,000 m2) of gardens was becoming very costly. Therefore, in 1957 they decided to convert it into a luxury hotel.
17. Lohagarh Fort : Lohagarh Fort (Iron fort) is situated at Bharatpur in Rajasthan, India. It was constructed by Bharatpur Jat rulers. Maharaja Suraj Mal used all his power and wealth to a good cause, and built numerous forts and palaces across his kingdom, one of them being the Lohagarh Fort (Iron fort), which was one of the strongest ever built in Indian history. The inaccessible Lohagarh fort could withstand repeated attacks of British forces led by Lord Lake in 1805 when they laid siege for over six weeks. Having lost over 3000 soldiers, the British forces won . Of the two gates in the fort, one in the north is known as Ashtdhaatu (eight metalled) gate while the one facing the south is called Chowburja (four-pillared) gate. Monuments in the fort include are Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas. Moti Mahal and towers like Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj were erected to commemorate the victory over the Mughals and the British army . The Gateway has paintings of huge elephants.
18. Nicknames of Rajasthan Cities :
Jaipur – Paris of India & Pink City
Jaisalmer – Golden City of India
Udaipur – White City & City of Lakes & Venice of the East & Kashmir Of Rajasthan
Jodhpur – Blue City & Sun City
Kota – Kanpur Of Rajasthan
Mount Abu – Shimla of Rajsthan
Jhalawar – Nagpur of Rajasthan
Bhilwara – Manchester of Rajasthan
Kiradu(Barmer) – Khajuraho of Rajasthan
Haldighati – Thermopoly of Rajasthan
19. Khajuraho Of Rajasthan : Kiradu is located in the Barmer district of Rajasthan. The sculpture is noted for its temples Kiradu taken. These temples were built in the 11 V century. Kiradu called the Khajuraho of Rajasthan. But because it was not fame like Khajuraho Kiradu place is deserted from the last 900 years, and even now some lively in the day – the initiative is to place it on the evening becomes deserted, nobody here after sunset stops. According to historians Kiradu city of Rajasthan with comfort features in its time was a developed state. People from other states came here to trade. But 12th century, when the Parmar dynasty ruled Kiradu, the city is deserted. The curse on this town there is a monk. Nearly 900 years ago, the Parmar dynasty had ruled here. In those days, the city came to a wise sage. After spending a few days on the monk went out to tour the country with the help of his teammates left the locals. All pupils fell ill one day and just take care of them by any person other than a Kumharin not. When the monk came back, he was furious to see it all. Sage said that compassion is not only the place where mankind should not be. He cursed to become full citizens and gave the stone. The Kumharin had served his disciples, The Sage told him to go away from here before evening and warned that it sees back. But after walking some distance behind him, looked back and he Kumharin became stone. After the curse in the town that have lived in the evening after a stone was created. And that’s why the city is deserted, with sunset.
20. Kuldhara Village : Jaisalmer, about 18 kilometers from this village is named after the Kuldhara. It is believed that the village is cursed. The fortress-like village Bhangarh, it suddenly became lonely in the night. Since then, no one in this village just could not. The fortress-like village Bhangarh in the wilderness story of a beautiful girl is hidden Hakmana that around 1825 it was the village of Paliwal Brahmins. Paliwal Brahmins Lord Krishna’s wife Rukmini’s ancestral connection is connected. It is believed that these Paliwan Brahmin priest used to be. But while this phenomenon Paliwan those days, farmers used to be. This was accomplished in the art of agriculture and construction. The second village, the village was prosperous and thriving. A very beautiful daughter of the village chief. As the discussion moved from Kuldhara had reached Jaisalmer. As the daughter of the head of the Diwan Singh Jaisalmer Salim been enticed and to bring him into his harem Thaliske Salim Singh to put pressure on the head and villagers. In such a night the villagers and the panchayat was called to defend his honor in the evening the whole village went to leave the village. Paliwal Brahmins say that they went to the cursed village that now it just will not ever again. Since then, the village has had desolated. Says nightly ghosts and strange-strange voices come. Therefore, the village has put out a large door. People go to the door at the day walking around the village, but the village at night in the village is not.
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