Bharatpur, the ‘Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan’ was founded by maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733 AD. It was once an impregnable fortified city of the mewat region. The historical cities of bharatpur, deeg and dholpur have played an important role in the history of rajasthan. According to a legend, the city is named after bharat, the brother of lord rama, whose other brother laxman was worshipped as the family deity of the bharatpur rulers. Laxmans name is engraved on the state arms and the seals. Originally, the city and the fort are believed to be founded by rustam, a jat of sogariya clan. Maharaja surajmal took over from khemkaran, the son of rustam and established the empire. The interesting aspect of the bharatpurs history is the domination of jats in the region. Since 17th century, leaders like churaman and badan singh brought the jats together and moulded them into a force to reckon with. Suraj mal is considered to be the greatest ruler and is credited for the uprising of the jats, who played a very important role in the Indian history during 19th century. Bharatpur is well connected by rail and road. The nearest airport is at agra (54 kms.) in U.P.
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